Science tells us that the next 10 years will be the defining decade for dramatic emissions reductions to limit the worst impacts of climate change.
Meta is committed to tackling this urgent issue through our global operations, value chain and beyond. In 2020, we were able to achieve net zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in our direct operations (Scopes 1 and 2) by reducing our emissions by 94 percent, compared to 2017 levels, and supporting high-quality carbon removal projects.
We support the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi) and we are aligning our program with the latest science on what is necessary to transition to a zero carbon future. Moving forward, we will continue to prioritize reducing our emissions impact while investing in carbon removal projects and technologies to reach net zero emissions across our value chain.
Reducing Our GHG Emissions
Reducing GHG emissions across our global operations and value chain is our top priority. We will continue to reduce our Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions in line with climate science by increasing the efficiency of our operations and maintaining 100 percent renewable energy.
Across our value chain, we will approach Scope 3 GHG reductions by incorporating principles of sustainable design and circular economy into the life cycle of our consumer hardware products, server hardware, corporate offices, and data centers. This includes evaluating materials with lower carbon impacts, building repairability and recyclability principles into design processes, and extending the lifespan of our hardware.
Supporting Carbon Removal Projects
Recognizing that some of our emissions will be very difficult to reduce by 2030, we will support projects that remove carbon equivalent to the emissions we are not able to reduce by then. We will prioritize nature-based projects that provide co-benefits for people and nature, such as reforestation, and also invest in emerging technologies that will advance the industry. Our carbon removal projects will be designed for permanent, reliable carbon sequestration; are verified by a third party; prevent any adverse impacts; and prioritize climate justice and equity.
Strengthening Our Climate Resilience
We regularly conduct climate-related risks and opportunities assessments to better understand and manage future transitional and physical risks associated with climate change. We strengthen our climate resilience by incorporating the results of these assessments into key business decisions.
Data, Science, and Partnerships
Beyond reducing the impact of our own operations, we are committed to accelerating the transition to a zero-carbon future and advancing climate resilience. In recent years, we have significantly accelerated efforts to advance climate change solutions through our core products and services, launching the Climate Science Information Center and the Climate Conversation Map in 2020 to increase understanding around climate change.
We will continue to expand partnerships with nonprofits, businesses, and civil society to help share information about the impacts of climate change through our platforms and scale climate solutions.
Meta’s 2020 Net Carbon Footprint
4M metric tons of CO2e
Scope 3 GHG Emissions (metric tons CO2e)
We disclose our GHG emissions annually and are committed to increasing transparency around our impact. Our GHG footprint includes the emissions associated with running our business and data centers, as well as the indirect emissions created upstream from our operations and downstream in our products. Our emissions are calculated based on the Greenhouse Gas Protocol and are verified by a third party. We will continue reporting and updating our emissions boundaries as our business grows on our path to net zero emissions.